沃唐卡编号AC87989:印度八十四大成就者·因渣菩提

沃唐卡编号AC87989:印度八十四大成就者·因渣菩提

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沃唐卡编号AC87989:印度八十四大成就者·因渣菩提

沃唐卡编号AC87989:印度八十四大成就者·因渣菩提

印度八十四大成就者·因渣菩提唐卡

大成就者·因渣菩提唐卡

十九世纪·西藏

尺寸:47x30cm

棉布·矿物颜料

鲁宾艺术博物馆藏

因渣菩提(梵文:Indrabhuti)为八十四大成就者之一,唐卡中的因渣菩提为国王的形象,以游舞式舒坐于宝座之上,头戴白色包巾和花蔓,身着国王装束,但此装束应为西藏艺术家的本地化创作,不是古印度国王的装束。因渣菩提的身前一位空行母以舞蹈的姿态向他呈供空行母甘露,这位空行母就是因渣菩提的妹妹,大成就者拉克希米迦罗(梵文:Laksminkara),作为一国之君的因渣菩提在经历十二年的修行后,与此前修行的妹妹一同升入了虚空。画面中虚空中的祥云里端坐着绿度母,而远处的山水之间有很多鸟禽在飞舞、嬉戏,象征着一同升入虚空的七百弟子。

整体画面构图简洁,人物刻画生动,动中有静,静中现动,呈现一片祥和的气象。

因渣菩提是桑波拉王国(Sambhola)的国王,与兰卡铺拉王国(Lankapuri)的嘉棱札(Jalendra)分别掌管印度乌仗那(Oddiyana)半数的地方,为了促进两国邦交,嘉棱札便向因渣菩提国王提亲,希望将因渣菩提的妹妹拉克希米迦罗公主许配给他年轻的儿子,但因桑波拉王国崇信佛法,受教于堪巴拉上师,故屡屡拖延不信佛法的兰卡铺拉王国的提亲。后来公主为平息两国纷争,依然嫁往兰卡铺拉王国,因渣菩提因此体悟到王国为他带来的烦恼远多于利益,于是传位于子,潜心修法十二年,终于证得大手印成就,坐于天空七天之久,最后与七百随从即身进入空行净土。

图片

因渣菩提于公元7世纪出世,是乌仗那山婆罗国的国王,是大成就者拉克希米迦罗之兄,相传亦为莲花生大师之父。他是金刚乘的创始者,主张惟依智慧方得解脱,通过瑜伽修法,体悟空性,进入智慧与方便不二的大乐境界。

传说有一天,释迦牟尼佛的眷属阿罗汉飞过因渣菩提的花园。因渣菩提看到了,便问大臣:“那些红色的大鸟飞来飞去地在干什么?”大臣告诉他那不是飞禽,而是声闻阿罗汉。因渣菩提又问说:“怎样才能一睹佛的尊严呢?”大臣回答说,佛在远方,不可能来到他们的国家。

当晚,因渣菩提向释迦牟尼佛所在的方向虔诚祈祷,第二天一早,佛与500名阿罗汉以神变飞来应供。因渣菩提为他们做了极为广大恭谨的供养。之后,他向佛求取方便之道。佛说:“如果你要成佛,就要舍弃一切妙欲,勤修戒定慧三学,行持六度。”因渣菩提说:“我想要一个能和众妃一起享受五妙欲而获得佛果的方便法。”

所有声闻阿罗汉都从他的视线里消失无踪。空中传来美妙声音:“此处无有八圣者,也无声闻缘觉众,菩萨勇士大神变,彼等显示彼身相。”因渣菩提面前出现无量幻化坛城,佛为他灌顶,因渣菩提获得了双运身的成就。佛把所有的续部都交付给他,他把续部制成书涵,对乌仗那的人们做广泛的弘扬。

不久,因渣菩提和王妃等人全部隐没不见,成为受用圆满之身,前往各如来刹土。乌仗那的所有众生都依靠大乐道而获得了虹身。

据说,因渣菩提著作甚丰,凡有23种,其中特别重要的是《智慧成就法》,简称《智成就》,为“成就八部书”之一。另外的著作有《吉祥一切佛平等瑜伽怛特罗注疏》、《一切佛平等瑜伽聚仪轨》等。

古古日巴尊者英文介绍|introduction

Mahasiddha Indrabuti… Indrabhūti / Indrabodhi (dbang po’i blo): “He Whose Majesty Is Like Indra”/”The Enlightened King”

Indrabuti ruled the kingdom of Sambhola, one of the two kingdoms in the land of the dakinis, Oddiyana. The sole difference between the two kingdoms was that King Indrabhuti’s family worshiped the Buddha, while King Jalendra worshiped the King Brahman. Although peace was maintained, they realized that this harmony would be strengthened profoundly if a propitious marriage unites the 2 kingdoms. So the betrothal of Princess Laksminkara, the sister of King Indrabhuti, with the son of King Jalendra took place.

When the princess was 16 years old, she was escorted to her new home. However, she had been practicing her sadhanas and was loath to enter her new duties. In fact, the moment she arrived in the unlightened kingdom of Lankapuri, a great revulsion for all the things of the world overcame her. She fled from the palace one night, and went into the mountain to live in a cave. There, she gained mahamudra-siddhi, and began teaching the Buddha’s word to King Jalendra’s latrine sweepers and the other outcastes of his kingdom.

Back in the days when Laksminkara first arrived in her new home, he outrageous behavior caused much problem. King Jalendra immediately sent messengers to King Indrabhuti to enlist his aid in reasoning with his sister. However, Indrabuthi’s response was surprising for the news of his sister made him realize and felt almost ashamed for living a life surrounded by ease and comfort; and while his sister understood the very mystery of existence, he merely ruled his country. The king then resolved to follow his sister’s path.

After the coronation of his son, Indrabhuti retired from the world and went to live in a small palace where he practiced his sadhanas for 12 years, secretly gaining mahamudra-siddhi.

One day, his son, accompanied by those who loved the old king dearly, came to visit the king. As they were about to enter the palace, a load voice rang out directly over their heads. Looking up, they saw Indrabhuti floating in the air, seated on a magnificent throne. The visitors prostrated to Indrabhuti, and for 7 days the king remained floating in the air, instructing his son and friends on the doctrine of “inconceivable profundity and immensity.” On the 8th day, accompanied by 700 disciples, he was assumed bodily into the Paradise of the Dakinis.

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