沃唐卡编号AC20809:大成就者·古古力巴

沃唐卡编号AC20809:大成就者·古古力巴

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沃唐卡编号AC20809:大成就者·古古力巴

沃唐卡编号AC20809:大成就者·古古力巴

大成就者·古古力巴唐卡

十八世纪·西藏

尺寸:47x32cm

棉布·矿物颜料

鲁宾艺术博物馆藏

古古力巴(梵文:Kukkuripa)为八十四大成就者之一,唐卡中的古古日巴为瑜伽行者形象,舒式坐于石台,上面铺着兽皮。头戴瑜伽士头冠,面带笑意,上身赤裸,斜系瑜伽带,下身穿彩绸短衣,全身佩骨饰,石桌上的嘎巴拉碗中升起袅袅的彩云,空中的云朵中端坐着一尊菩萨。古古日巴身旁的小狗亲昵地舔着他的下巴,古古日巴微微仰头,目光投向空中的菩萨,露出微笑。

画面构图铺陈简介,却对古古日巴与小狗的亲密描画得生动自然,他们的情感也跃然纸上。

古古力巴(梵文:Kukkuripa)本是出生在迦毗罗卫城(Kapilavastu)的婆罗门。后来成为一位云游四方,居无定所的瑜伽士,他师承因渣菩提,是帝洛巴第二语旨教授的传承师。

古古力巴自幼聪明伶俐,很小就对金刚乘密续产生了坚定的信心。他十分向往瑜伽士自在云游的生活。他舍弃俗务,开始游荡四方的生活,每日化缘乞食。在前往兰毗尼(Lumbini)的途中,他看到一只快饿死的母狗,便心生怜悯,收养了它,带着它一起上路。在荒郊野外的一处山洞里,古古力巴安顿下来,他把狗留在洞里,自己出去乞食,一边喂养照顾狗,一边在洞内进行禅修。如此过了12年,古古力巴证得了世间成就,有了预知和天眼等神通。

三十三天的天子们都称赞古古力巴的修行,并邀请他到天上接受祝贺和供养。古古力巴离开了山洞,那只狗没有了他的喂食,便在洞内四处挖掘,寻找水源和食物来维生。

古古力巴在享受天界的美食之时,忽然想起了留在洞内的狗,遂向天众请辞。天神们挽留他说:“你已证得如此神通力,怎么还如此牵挂一只狗呢?连对一只狗的执着都放不下,这怎么行呢?”但古古力巴依旧执意请辞。他回到山洞,见狗安然无恙,便轻轻拍抚它。突然,狗变成了空行母,念出偈言,并教导他方便和智慧的双运法门。古古力巴心中生起永不变易得正见,得到了究竟证悟。

从此,兰毗尼的人们都称他为古古力巴大师,意为喜爱狗的人。因此,在各种唐卡与壁画中,古古力巴都是与狗为伴。在实践无我利生的佛行事业,利益无数众生之后,古古力巴带领着迦毗罗卫的许多民众,即身前往卡雀空行净土。

英文介绍|introduction

Mahasiddha Kukkuripa, AKA, : “The Dog Lover”

In the Nepalese district of Lumbini called Kapilavastu, near where the Gautama Buddha grew to manhood, there once lived a Brahmin named Kukkuripa. In a quest for enlightenment, by and by he practiced the Buddhist tantra and followed the ascetic path of self-sacrifice, consuming only what little food was donated to him in his begging bowl as he wandered from village to village, soliciting charity from those he met on a plodding journey toward the caves of Lumbini. In the course of his wayfaring one day he heard a faint whimpering emanating from a thicket by the side of the road and upon investigating discovered an infirm and emaciated young dog too ill to raise even her head. Filled with compassion, he gently lifted the sickly dog in his arms and took her with him, gradually nursing her back to health with the meager scraps collected in his begging bowl. In no time at all the dog endeared herself to him with her warmhearted devotion and fidelity. Kukkuripa found an empty cave adequate to both their needs and took up residence therein with his new companion, begging in the country during the day and returning to the cave and his patient guard dog every evening to share with her that day’s sparse offerings.

After twelve years of concentrated introspection, self-examination and chanting of the tantras, Kukkuripa at last attained the mysterious capabilities of foreknowledge and spiritual wisdom. The gods of the Thirty-three Sensual Heavens couldn’t help but notice his high attainment, and persuaded him to banquet with them and partake of the immeasurable joys of their celestial dimension in the Kechara Paradise. Despite all the myriad of pleasures that surrounded him in this ethereal world, still Kukkuripa could not erase the image of his distant affectionate canine companion from his mind, and his heart woefully grieved at the thought of her anguish in his absence. When he attempted to explain the reason for his sad distraction to them, the gods tried to turn him from those thoughts and admonished him for considering the feelings of a lowly animal when he could enjoy infinite utopia with them in heaven. Although they did manage to tempt him to stay a little longer, ultimately he could not bear the incessant heartache and thought of the dog suffering alone without him and so eventually descended from the exalted realm of the gods to return to her and the dingy cave.

The dog was ecstatic upon his return, running tight laps around him and whining with joy as she twisted and lept in the air, wagging her entire body. But no sooner had an overjoyed Kukkuripa clasped his hands to her to scratch and caress her resolute head than she abruptly disappeared before his astonished eyes and in her place was the magnificent Enlightened Dakini Niguma circumscribed by an incandescent angelic aura that illuminated the entire cavern! She spoke to him and congratulated him upon giving up heaven for a lowly dog as it demonstrated his renouncement of attachments and of projections of pleasant and unpleasant sensations. As a reward for his mastery, she assisted him in releasing the final subtle attachment to the non-existent self and attaining the supreme realization of the ultimate paradise of enlightenment.

Thereafter his fame and reputation grew and many came to seek and venerate him for his humanitarian service and teachings. His entourage of disciples grew to a large size before he finally ascended to Kechara the second and final time. He was forever after known as Guru Kukkuripa, the dog lover. Thus Kukkuripa returns to samsara for the sake of all beings.”

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